Injuries and deaths from snakebites

Health and Family Welfare

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 99 TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 11TH FEBRUARY, 2020 INJURIES AND DEATHS FROM SNAKEBITES *99. DR. AMAR PATNAIK: Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state: (a) whether it is a fact that India is presently considered a high burden country in terms of snakebite deaths and injuries/ disabilities, if so, the details thereof; (b) the details of snakebite deaths and injuries/disabilities in the last three years, State- wise; and (c) the measures taken or proposed to be taken by Government to address the issues related to reporting or non-reporting of the snakebite deaths/injuries in the country? ANSWER THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE (DR. HARSH VARDHAN) (a) to (c) A Statement is laid on the Table of the House. STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO.99* FOR 11TH FEBRUARY, 2020 (a) & (b): Snake bite is mainly an accidental / occupational hazard in tropical and subtropical countries, where rural populations are mainly affected. It is a common occupational hazard mainly in farmers, plantation workers, herders and labourers leading to significant morbidity and mortality that remains largely unreported. The bites inflicted are frequently accidental as when snakes are trodden upon or could result due to sleeping on floor and open style habitation. As per data available with Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), the State/UT- wise details of cases and deaths reported due to snake bites in the Country during the last three years are given in Annexure. As per provisional data under Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP), a total of 2,20,872 snake-bite cases were reported during the year 2019. Data of cases and deaths due to snake-bite for the year 2019 are yet to be vetted by the concerned States / UTs. As reported by CBHI, the number of cases reported during 2016 are 1,78,433; in 2017 are 1,58,650 and in 2018 are 1,64,031. Further, number of deaths reported are 1068 in 2016, 1060 in 2017 and 885 in 2018. (c) Ministry of Health & Family Welfare have advised all State / UT Governments to report all snake-bite cases under the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP), include Anti Snake Venom Serum (ASVS) in the list of essential drugs of the State / UT and procure these drugs locally for supply to health facilities under National Health Mission (NHM). Further, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has also constituted a “National Task Force for Research on Snake Bite in India” with the following national level multi- centric projects: (i) Nationwide Study to estimate incidence, mortality, morbidity and economic burden due to snakebite in India, (ii) ICMR National Snakebite Project (INSP) on capacity building of health system on prevention and management of snakebite envenomation including its complications.