National climate and energy policy
Environment, Forest and Climate Change
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 843 TO BE ANSWERED ON 19.09.2020 National climate and energy policy 843 DR. AMAR PATNAIK: Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state: (a) the steps taken by Government to integrate biodiversity and migratory species considerations into national climate and energy policy; (b) the steps taken by Government to promote wildlife friendly renewable energy; and (c) the steps taken by Government to promote awareness on migratory species in the country? ANSWER MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI BABUL SUPRIYO) (a) The Ministry has launched the third “National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-2031)” in the year 2017 which is the future road map for wildlife conservation in India. The Plan is unique as this is the first time that India has recognized the concerns relating to climate change impact on wildlife and stressed on integrating actions that need to be taken for its mitigation and adaptation into wildlife management planning processes. The National Mission on Green India and National Mission on Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem address the issues of biodiversity-related concerns of climate change. (b) The steps taken by Government to promote wildlife friendly renewable energy include the following: i. The recommendations of the Task Force constituted by the Ministry for suggesting Eco-friendly measures to mitigate impacts of power transmission lines and other power transmission infrastructures on wildlife including the migratory birds were accepted by the Standing Committee of National Board for Wildlife during its 54th meeting held on 18th July, 2019 and the same were circulated to all States/ Union Territory Administrations. ii. As per the information received from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, guidelines for Development of Onshore Wind Power Projects have been issued by the Ministry on 22.10.2016 which provides that, if the project site being selected falls in the area of forest land or in the vicinity of habitat of migratory birds and their flight routes, the project developer should ensure availability of necessary clearances from concerning authorities. iii. Further, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy vide its circular dated 22.02.2019 had requested the power transmission line agencies and wind energy farm developers to identify critical power transmission lines and wind energy firms passing through the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) habitats in Rajasthan and Gujarat in consultation with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and concerned States Governments and accordingly, take up risk mitigation measures against bird hits like putting up bird diverters on the conductors, painting of vane tips of the wind turbines, etc. (c) The steps taken by Government to promote awareness on migratory species in the country include the following: i. The Government of India had successfully hosted the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, during 17th-22nd February, 2020 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat representatives from many countries besides Heads of several biodiversity related Inter-Governmental Organizations. The “Gandhinagar Declaration” was adopted during the COP which envisages “Connectivity” amongst landscapes, habitats, amongst the various conventions and also between the people and ecosystems for ensuring better conservation of migratory species across the globe. ii. The Ministry has launched the ‘National Action Plan for conservation of Migratory birds along the Central Asian Flyway (CAF)’ in November 2018. The Action Plan emphasizes on coordination and cooperation between various Central Government Ministries, State Government Departments, managers of Protected Areas, local communities, Civil Societies and Private sector. iii. Awareness generation camps are being organized by the State/ UT Administrations on the importance of conservation of migratory species and their habitats. iv. Financial assistance is provided to the State/Union Territory Governments under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats for providing better protection to wildlife and improvement ofhabitat which includes funding for awareness generation programmes.